Hey 42: here there are an estimated 7 billion smart devices in the world. Today such devices are often referred to as IOT devices short for Internet of Things, and these can be anything from a smart speaker, smart TV or a smart fridge.

Basically, any appliance inside your home in your garden or on your driveway that is connected to the public Internet and isn’t. A computer or phone is an IOT device. A Swedish research firm estimates that by 2020 263 million American homes will be classified as smart, meaning almost everything in the house, perhaps not always the occupants from the lights to the locks on the doors will be automated and connected to the Internet.

Currently, smart devices tell us the weather, give recommendations and can operate lights, curtains or your door locks. What all this is just a tip of the automation iceberg with ever-increasing AI capabilities.

The potential of smart homes is about to explode. Imagine your Smart Watch detects that you’re ill before you even know yourself, you open your front door and the drone has delivered cold medicine. You get a notification to let you know that’s.

Your workplace has been automatically notified that you won’t be coming in today due to illness. You turn on your Smart TV to see your favorite film already loaded up and in the kitchen you’re. Smart, robotic chef is already preparing a hearty chicken soup.

Everything will be connected and your needs will be met before you even know what they are. This will be the future of the IOT, but is this connected future secure come to think of it? Our smart devices and smart homes really secure right now.

The truth may shock you, the more smart devices you out to your home. The more potential points of entry for a hacker you are opening yourself up to all it takes is one vulnerability or one weak password for a hacker to enter your home network and take complete control of any of your smart devices when attempting to breach your smart.

A hacker will usually try to crack into your Wi-Fi network. This is your homes, single point of failure. Every smart home device connects directly to your router and once a hacker is inside your router, they can do almost anything that you can do and probably a bit more.

They can talk to you through your Google home or to shopping with your Amazon. Alexa unlock your doors or turn up your smart heating. All the hacker needs to do to gain this. Access is park of outside your house and steal the encrypted password from the 4-way handshake that you’re rooted, performs every time a new device tries to connect to it.

They will then have a file with your password inside it on their laptop. The hacker can’t actually see the password, because the wpa2 aes standard means it will be far too heavily encrypted to simply decrypt on the spot.

But they can use a dictionary attack where their laptop rooms, through every possible combination of password characters to stumble upon one that matches the encrypted file and unlocks it, thus giving them your Wi-Fi password and the ability to connect to it with any device.

Just as you do all without you, knowing with long passwords, a dictionary attack could take years to complete, but well-prepared hackers will often offload this processing to a remote server with extreme computational power, potentially reducing the time to crack your password to just minutes.

This can all be done in less than 15 minutes without the hack of even leaving their car. The only way to protect yourself against this hack is by using a long and highly complex, password slowing down the hacker exponentially.

You should use at least 10 or per hand, lowercase characters and include special symbols and numbers. Simply adding one extra character to your existing password could be the difference between the hacker needing 10 minutes to crack your password to 1 year because maths, so you secured your home Wi-Fi network.

But you’re, not out of the woods yet far from it, providing that your model of Rooter doesn’t have a unique vulnerability in its operating system, which I’m. Afraid is somewhat likely any one of the smart devices in your home could have its own vulnerability and there’s, not a lot.

You can do about it. A vulnerability or exploit is a bug or hole in a piece of software running on a device that the manufacturer, probably isn,’t, aware of or simply doesn’t. Give a crap about a hacker can use this vulnerability to hack into your smart devices and abuse them without needing to go to the trouble of hacking into your home.

Wi-Fi network at all, and they don’t need to be sat in a car outside your house, and these kinds of hacks can be performed from the other side of the planet. Smart devices are all the rage today, and everyone wants to be able to make coffee from the bath or ask their fridge to buy more avocados.

It’s, a rapidly growing industry. The oakley downside of this is that thousands of cheaper, mostly chinese design, smart home devices, are flooding the market and vastly undercutting the more premium competition.

For example, why buy a 300 pound nest security camera when you can get one of her? Fifty quid on amazon, with most of the same features I’ll. Tell you why security to get products to market quicker and cheaper, less well-known brands, sometimes skip possibly the most important step of developing a new smart home product penetration testing.

Pen testing is when a company pays for their own software to be attacked by white hack or ethical hackers. This process alerts the company to any vulnerabilities or bugs so that they can be patched up before release also most of the time.

Such companies simply take an open source or off-the-shelf operating system from the internet, which are usually riddled with bugs and then modify it to run on their own device, which usually introduces even more books.

Then consumers purchase it for a bargain price and are surprised when they find out that a hacker has been watching them sit sofa eating cheese puffs for the past six months, whereas premium brands literally spend millions on developing their own proprietary software to ensure that hackers cannot Easily gain knowledge of how it works and thus develop, exploits for it now to be clear, no brands, not even Google, can offer 100 % security in their software, but by spending more on a well-known brand that you trust.

You are greatly decreasing the chance of your smart home devices being hacked unless, of course, your nest. Password is one two three four five, in which case you deserve to be hacked, because these devices usually sell in very large quantities, and they all use the exact same software.

All it takes is for one hacker to find one vulnerability on the software of one device and they have the means to hack into their homes of millions of people. Unbelievably many developers also ship their products of the same default admin password that hundreds of thousands of the same product use all around the world, such as admin.

One two three and most consumers never changed these passwords. In 2017, it was reported that a new botnet called Persie. I was programmed to specifically target IOT devices in particular cheap IP based home security cameras over a hundred and twenty-two thousand Internet connected security cameras were infected by the Persei malware, mostly in China, and the US, because, like I mentioned earlier, the manufacturers of these cheaper cameras Tend to skimp on security, it wasn’t exactly difficult for hackers to find a security hole for their malware.

They simply exploited an open port to perform an injection command that forced the camera to connect to a URL that downloaded a file which automatically ran itself on the cameras hardware, thus installing the malware after which it deleted itself and ran in the cameras, ephemeral memory.

So that it couldn’t be detected. Very. The owner of the camera would have no idea that this ever happened and they could continue using it to remotely watch their dogs lick their balls as per normal. But what did the malware do? Well, it could have been used for the hacker to spy on the family in question, but it usually wasn’t pursue.

I had bigger fish to fry all of the hacked IOT devices created a global botnet, a single unified network or supercomputer that could launch attacks on large corporations or even government targets. Together.

All these Hach IOT devices could launch a devastating DDoS attack or distributed denial of service. This is when thousands of computers repeatedly found a website servers to overload it and essentially take it off the internet.

The more devices on the botnet, the more powerful the DDoS attack would be, and before per se right in 2014, there was another botnet that consisted of over 100,000 devices. Worldwide, 25 % of them were not computers on mobiles, but common household appliances.

Security researchers found that this particular Malwa on many smart televisions, multimedia centers and even smart fridges. This particular botnet was used to send almost 1 million spam emails. So, yes, refrigerators were sending viagra ads to random people’s inboxes, but smart devices could impact your life and another way that doesn’t involve any hacking at all.

Iot devices could soon control your life or enable others to take control of you. A few AI companies are already working with the police to build systems into Internet connected cars that would allow the police to monitor your speed on the road in a few years.

If you speed in your new car, then it could be remotely detected by police computers and the speeding infraction could automatically be added to your record and a fine sent straight to your door. Experts say that when combined with internet-connected road infrastructure, the police will even be able to detect when drivers of smart cars make illegal lane changes and other prohibited maneuvers spookily the police may even be able to put a limit on your speed from afar if they determine It to be necessary, they would also be able to bring your smart car to a complete stop if you fail to pull over when they flush their lives, and there would be very little you could do about it, but it gets even more 1984.

You may have heard about Orsino’s. Breathalyzer interlocks that courts can mandate convicted, drunk drivers to put onto their cars. The driver has to blow into it and if they’re over the limit, then the vehicle will refuse to start.

But Volvo is taking this idea a whole step further and soon you won’t even have to be convicted of drunk driving before your car takes the moral high ground for you. Volvo are working on a combination of in-cabin cameras and algorithms that monitor steering wheel inputs to automatically determine if the driver at the wheel is intoxicated or under the influence of drugs.

If the car detects any signs of driver intoxication or if you have some sort of medical emergency and lose concentration, then it will automatically slow down the vehicle and someone from Volvo will call your car immediately and ask if everything is okay, if you say yes and Continue to drive erratically, the car will automatically pull over in the next available lay-by at the side of the road.

Volvo may choose to call the police. This technology will be in Volvo cars in early 2020, but it might not be your smart car that alerts the police to your drunk driving. Researchers have found a way for smartwatches using existing technology to algorithmically, determine if you are drunk and if you are driving by utilizing metrics such as your heart rate and movement speed.

But what, if that very same Smart Watch, was hacked Yun? Wang a computer science professor at Binghamton University in New York, ran a series of 5,000 tasks on different wearable smart devices. His team was able to develop an algorithm that could record the accelerometer and gyroscope data from hacked devices and easily determine what’s.

The wearer’s bank penis. If they had recently punched it into an ATM. The clever software could also work out any passwords. The wearer typed into a keyboard based purely on data from the various onboard sensors.

It’s, similar to how a computer algorithm could work out a car’s final destination based purely on its starting location, the turns it took and his travel speed. Theoretically, your SmartWatch could be remotely infected with a Trojan virus that could secretly perform all this algorithmic processing on the device itself.

Then, silently report back to the hacker with your bank PIN and online passwords to top it off. If a hacker gained control of your SmartWatch, they could easily monitor your heart rate to see when you are lying, which may not seem like a huge security concern.

But a particularly smart hacker could exploit a vulnerability with certain brands to do this on the fly and essentially gain a superpower where they could tell if anyone they taught you in real life was lying or not.

If they happen to be wearing that certain brands of SmartWatch, one particular brand of Chinese SmartWatch aimed at children, were recently found to be easier to hack, Danah toaster me safes were sold in their thousands on Amazon on eBay.

They enabled parents to track their children’s, precise movements and location and call them on demand. But it turns out that these safety watches were making children less safe than ever before by using a phenomenally, simple hack.

That involved changing one digit in a URL. Anyone was able to pull up the location of any child wearing and me safe and even press a button to call it. Security research has found that the Chinese manufacturer didn & # 39, t even bother with security of any kind.

There was no encryption and no passwords the negative connotations of anyone being able to track your child are so obvious that security firms were recommending parents who simply discard these watches right away to protect their children as the proliferation of smart devices increases with phenomenal haste each Year there is going to be a greater emphasis on security, mostly driven by the bigger brands in the industry, but there will always be companies that produce cheaper versions of popular devices, that only care about profits are not consumer safety and privacy and of every smart device.

You add to your life: the greater becomes the risk of your whole personal ecosystem being hacked, but you could reduce that risk and stay safe with Nord VPN, the only VPN to get a perfect score on PC Mac.

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But I always use non VPN in these instances because it’s, so easy for hackers to intercept your packets over public Wi-Fi and see everything you’re doing online. Nord VPN double encrypt your data, so you can use any Wi-Fi connection.

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