Hey 42 here this is two stunning 13th century cathedral of santa maria del fiore. In florence, italy, an s is a modern take on a cathedral in liverpool built in the 60s. This is the oldest shopping mall in italy, the galleria vittorio emanuele ii in milan built in 1865.

Similarly, this is the beautiful cleveland arcade in ohio built in 1888, and this monstrous bastard is a Tesco in Woollett England. This is two striking Moscow State Historical Museum in the Red Square, whereas this is an over art museum in grouse, Austria that looked like a bacteria you find in your guts.

This is, of course, the fantastic Art Deco Empire State Building in New York, and this is the soul-destroying ver eyes on building also in New York notice, a difference between these examples. Why is it that anything built post-war from shopping arcades to libraries are desperately soul-destroying? Lee oakley you don’t have to go into cities to notice this trend.

Simply look around it’s. Your neighborhood! You may notice that some houses are strikingly beautiful like this this or this, whereas others may look like this or god forbid this, then you realize the differences that the previous houses were built pre-war, usually in the Georgian and Victorian eras, the oakley buildings most definitely post-war.

In the Victorian age, people were proud of their homes, they built they put every effort into sorting their highest quality materials to ensure they would last for centuries. Post-War houses, however, started to be built primarily for profit.

The beauty and quality were shoved aside for smaller land plots, smaller rooms, lower ceilings, cheaper materials and shortcuts, such as cavity walls. Statistically, the average lifespan of houses has decreased over the decades, the average lifespan of a masonry and wood building 120 years.

A concrete and glass building is half that at sixty years. I know what you might say: the beauty is in the eye of the beholder I disagree, taste is subjective, but raw beauty is an objective. Almost measurable quality Plato said the objective education is to teach us to love.

What is beautiful if we have to learn what is beautiful, that invariably means not everything is beautiful. For example, nobody would ever say dog excrement is beautiful unless they’re. Trying to shock you, and just because one weirdo out there has a personal liking for the appearance of doctored, does not make it an objectively beautiful creation.

The fact is that certain things are just objectively damn ugly and give the majority of the population no pleasure. In fact, some things are so ugly: they make entire populations depressed, and the statistic back me up here: people living in cities are 21 percent, more likely to have anxiety disorder and if you grew up in a city, you’re 39 percent, more likely To develop schizophrenia than your contemporaries in the countryside.

To me, the reason behind these statistics is obvious. Humans evolved amongst a raw unordered beauty of nature. For the 200,000 years, Homo sapiens have walked the earth. We have only been living inside man-made houses for roughly 6,000 of those.

It’s almost axiomatic that a structure which imitates nature will be more comforting to our evolved sensibilities as human beings, and I don’t mean like an ostentatiously metaphorical architect such as this concrete slab of a building compliment to major.

It sits in because it features a vertical extrusion which allows the light to soften its edges, see how it almost disappears into the surroundings. No, when I say buildings that reflect nature make us happier, I am referring to two distinct facets that achieve this symbiosis.

The first is the material a building is made from stone is natural. We evolved among stone our ancestors fashion tools and use them to chip away beautiful masterpieces out of a natural material that had always been there.

Similarly, wood has always been an intrinsic part of the human experience. One thousand years ago. The planet used to be peppered with forests as far as the eye could see in all directions, stone and wood buildings are usually rather attractive.

However, modern materials such as glass, steel and concrete are all man-made. They are amalgamations of other materials over the vast timeline of human history. These artificial materials have only very recently entered our world before we knew it.

They were frost into our faces in every direction. We turn glass, steel and concrete tower many metres above us. We never evolved amongst these materials. They make us feel uneasy. The glass is, of course, the least offensive if the Treo, because it allows us to see through it to their natural world beyond the second facet that creates beautiful architecture, is curves and detail.

Curves and intricate details are in art, form long lost to the world of modern architecture, which, inexplicably favors arrow straight lines and huge flat planar surfaces. Many meters wide curves are natural, the bend of a tree, bark, the undulation of meadows.

These are qualities we have evolved to feel comfortable amongst humans, have a fundamental proclivity to adorn the chaotic beauty of mother nature’s great Kingdom straight lines and huge flat surfaces make us feel uneasy.

Like a stark white wall, there is no comfort to be found in it only emptiness and solitude. One only needs to look at the curves present in classic Greek columns, so eerily reminiscent of the golden ratio or the seemingly infinitely masterful details precisely carved into the masonry of great European cathedrals, to appreciate curves in architecture and see the obvious inspiration drawn from nature.

Compare these to any inner-city office block with its suffocatingly one-dimensional surfaces. He’ll. Londoners are so abhorred by the disgusting array of lifeless towers of Tosh erected in their city.

They have taken to inventing humorous nicknames for them all in a desperate attempt to inject some life into their dead souls. They call this one, the cheese grater. This is the Pringle, they sister helter skelter.

This is the walkie-talkie. This is the armadillo this the saltcellar, and this is the gherkin which is caught on so well at literally, everyone has forgotten what is such one namers, which, by the way, is 30 Street Mary Axe Wow.

I think I’ll. Stick to the gherkin, a you. Ghost survey found that a whopping 77 percent of respondents prefer traditionally designed buildings over contemporary. The real reason why most people hate modern architecture is that it disrespects our heritage.

Humanity has come a long way and the things we have achieved over the past 5,000 years are incredible. The great civilizations along the way, Constantinople, ancient Greece, Rome, medieval London. These are the civilizations that built the world we know today and for Humanity to ever forget that would be an odious act of treachery, but that’s, exactly what modern architecture seeks to do by simplifying and foregoing ornamentation and frescoes it erases the triumphs Of the past, from our greatest oldest cities, and thus the public consciousness, most of all, we adore traditional architecture, because it subtly connects us with the past.

It reminds us of our lineage each and every day and the achievements we have made as a collective human race. Over the centuries, so who do we have to thank for wanting to erase humanities achievements off the face of the planet? Why did architects all over the world wake up after World War? One think I’m, going to start designing buildings, utter fuck, eclis! Well, I’m afraid we have to blame a Swiss Frenchman named Luca Busia, who created a deadly Maxim.

He wanted to create architecture made of pure shapes and forms without any decoration or historical associations. Luca Busia actually drew up plans for a city for three million people who wore lived in identical, six-story, great skyscrapers.

If our ancestors wanted us to live in great boxes, they could have just surrendered to the Germans, kibou Z and those who followed in his dreadful wake thought that function came before form how a building looked.

It was a far less importance than how it functions off the back of caboose ia’s. Ideology were born the schools of new architectural styles such as Soviet constructivism, Bauhaus functionalism or utilitarianism structuralism and Brutalism.

Within a few decades, our once beautiful cities turned into wastelands of repugnancy, devoid of beauty and taste, so his modern architecture always a bad thing for ultra-modern cities that didn’t even exist, or what not large cities 100 years ago, such as Dubai in Singapore, perhaps not these places have a tinge of futurism to them, which gives them an exciting edge, but the absolute worst crime of modern architecture when it really gets my goat, when it actually damages civilizations, eradicate Beauty is when it is placed amongst truly marvelous and historic Cities and Paris is often said to be the most beautiful city in the world.

Under Napoleon’s, orders in 1853, Georges Eugene, Hausman redesigned and rebuilt a devastated post revolution, Paris from the ground up. He was responsible for the seductively quaint, ornate houses, the grand boulevards and relaxing public squares.

It’s. Romantic splendor has attracted millions each year to soak in the beauty and then in 1969, some sadist plunked this right in the middle of it all. The tour montparnasse like a scab on an otherwise attractive city, skyline London, one of the oldest unn, culturally richest cities in the world, which made it through plagues and fire, is now being destroyed by dreadfully dull tower blocks.

Like the painfully ugly Trellick Tower. The Luftwaffe may have flattened our cities, but in their place we rebuilt concrete and steel monstrosity. That transformed what was once beautiful into an urban dystopian sprawl that wouldn’t be out of place in a George Orwell.

Novel Birmingham is a prime example before the Blitz. It was an attractive testament to the great civilization it played a part in building. Now the entire city centre feels like a purposeless amalgamation of offensive, drab architecture placed randomly without care or consideration, and the worst offender at the center of it all.

Is this modernist mole, the Birmingham library, but you may think if it provides housing, then why does it matter because people don’t care about ugly things? These buildings are so visually offensive that people have no desire to actually look after them.

The neighborhoods that spring up around tower blocks more often than not reflect the building’s themselves. Why? Not? Because the people that have to live inside them are any different from people who live in attractive houses? They just feel as though there’s, nothing worth looking after the value of period.

Houses is significantly higher for the same square. Footage than new builds, despite requiring much more maintenance. Humans are drawn towards and have a need to preserve beauty. If we build beautiful houses and beautiful public buildings, then people will fight to preserve them, and so will our ancestors, whereas ugly buildings get run down and very quickly abandoned, then demolished.

Ironically, this costs a lot more in the long run. Instead of building for the next generation, we are building cheaper or clearer constructions for our short-term use, knowing they will one day be pushed to the side, because nobody wants to bloody live in the monstrosities and it will fall into dilapidation then inevitably demolished.

Ugliness is false. Economy and beauty is eternal Rome’s. Colosseum is almost 2,000 years old. Why? Because nobody over the span of two millennia had the heart to destroy such beauty, such magnificence sure half of it has crumbled away, but that only serves as a testament to its compelling power to want to save what still remains.

Do you really think in 2,000 years time urban tower blocks will still be here and have millions spent on them each year for the hair preservation? If a concrete tower block starts to crumble into the dirt, we quickly send the entire thing crashing down with explosives, because that’s.

What we think of it, the Pantheon is just as old and in even better condition form does not come after function. I never heard so much pitch in all my life. It’s. Actually, the opposite form is everything we don’t venerate, the works of Shakespeare because they’re functional.

His writings are beautiful. If function was more important than form that students would instead study vacuum cleaner manuals in English literature, nobody will fight to preserve something that is ugly but has function, whereas whole nations will burn together to defend a beautiful building with absolutely no function whatsoever.

Tourism. Aside, what function does the Colosseum serve us today? None whatsoever, we aren’t, keeping it around just in case society wakes up one morning and decides to throw a few politicians in there with a couple of bears.

Its function is to be admired to be respected and, most importantly, to connect us to our past, because it’s that past. That makes us who we are and architecture never lets us forget that it gives us our identity, our sense of place and purpose, and dare we destroy that or mask it at our own peril? If you want to do your part in making the world a more beautiful place, then a great place to start is by learning design skills on Skillshare Skillshare is an online learning community with thousands of classes in illustration, art design and more Premium Membership gives you unlimited Access to high-quality classes on must know topics, so you can improve your skills, unlock new opportunities and do the work you love.

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